June 24, 2021

Solar and Space Physics UNIToV

Gruppo di Fisica Solare e Spaziale Università di Roma Tor Vergata

The dependence of the [FUV-MUV] colour on solar cycle

The colour index dependence on the Mg II index and time. Date is represented by the colour bar (shown on the right). Note that the strong correlation between the [FUV-MUV] colour and the Mg II index shows two slightly different slopes, corresponding to the descending phase of solar cycle 23 and to the rising phase of solar cycle 24.
Solar UV variability is extremely relevant for the stratospheric ozone. It has an impact on Earth’s atmospheric structure and dynamics through radiative heating and ozone photochemistry. Our goal is to study the slope of the solar UV spectrum in two UV bands important to the stratospheric ozone production. In order to investigate the solar spectral variability, we use data from SOLSTICE (the Solar Stellar Irradiance Comparison Experiment) on board the Solar Radiation and Climate Experiment (SORCE) satellite. Datasets used are far UV (115–180 nm) and middle UV (180–310 nm), as well as the Mg II index (the Bremen composite). We introduce the SOLSTICE [FUV-MUV] colour to study the solar spectral characteristics, as well as to analyse the colour versus Mg II index. To isolate the 11-year scale variation, we used Empirical Mode Decomposition (EMD) on the datasets. The [FUV-MUV] colour strongly correlates with the Mg II index. The [FUV-MUV] colour shows a time-dependent behaviour when plotted versus the Mg II index. To explain this dependence we hypothesize an efficiency reduction of SOLSTICE FUV irradiance using an exponential ageing law.

More at: http://www.swsc-journal.org/articles/swsc/full_html/2017/01/swsc160014/swsc160014.html